Boise Linux User Group December 5th Meeting Notes

Had a great meeting with 12 in attendance.  Clint took about 90 mintues and then we spent the remaining time in discussion.  Here is Clint's presentation outline:

Netrunner Enigma Release
http://www.netrunner-os.com/13-06-released/
http://distrowatch.com/?newsid=07947
Clemens Toennies has announced the final release of Netrunner 13.06, a desktop Linux distribution based on Kubuntu and showcasing the KDE 4.10.3 desktop and applications: "The 64-bit and 32-bit variants of Netrunner 13.06 are available for download. Features and changes: new Netrunner desktop containment (no cashew, hidden plus/minus overlays); improved KWin performance, so full transparency works on most lower-end machines; new Kate minimap scrollbar; automatically activated KWallet; hot corner in lower right; simplified system settings; removed WINE (due to increased irrelevance); ALSA instead of PulseAudio for best compatibility and performance (intel hda); Firefox with (working) Mozilla app store; Steam installer link included; usual KDE goodies - Homerun 1.0, Tomahawk 0.7.

Initial setup:
o apt-get update
o apt-get upgrade
o reboot
o Removed VirtualBox - Muon Package Manager
  virtualbox
  Make sure all virtualbox components are removed. Don't remove related libraries
o Installed KVM Virtualization - Muon Package Manager
  Search on virt
  virt-manager
  virt-viewer
  virtinst
  Search on KVM
  qemu-kvm
  qemu-system-x86
  ipxe-qemu
  kvm-ipxe
  Search on bridge
  bridge-utils
o modprobe vhost_net
o lsmod |grep vhost
o echo vhost_net >> /etc/modules
o apt-get install vim
o Edit: vim /etc/network/interfaces (supports wired interfaces only)
  should look like this:
  auto eth0
  iface eth0 inet manual

  auto br0
  iface br0 inet dhcp
  bridge_ports eth0
  bridge_fd 9
  bridge_hello 2
  bridge_maxage 12
  bridge_stp off

o initctl restart networking
o ip addr

Optional:

o apt-get install system-config-lvm
o apt-get install gnome-disk-utility
o apt-get install gparted
o apt-get install vsftpd


LXLE "Remix" of Ubuntu Precise 12.04
================================================================
Revive that old PC! < The LXLE Desktop
http://lxle.net/

o Full featured OS for an aging PC.
o Light on resources; Heavy on functions.
o Always based on Ubuntu/Lubuntu LTS. (12.04 Precise)
o Uses an optimized LXDE user interface.
o Four familar desktop layout paradigms.
o Prudent full featured Apps preinstalled.
o The latest versions of all major software.
o Added PPA's extends available software.
o Updated Openbox, PCmanfm, OpenJDK
o Fast Forecast, Aero Snap, Quick Launch
o Random Wallpaper, Panel Trash access
o Theme consistency throughout system.
o 50 gorgeous wallpapers preinstalled.
o Numerous other tweaks/additions.
o Stable and rock solid performance.
o 32 and 64 bit OS versions available.
o Boots & is online in less than 1 minute. (Your Mileage may vary)

CrunchBang Linux 11 "Waldorf" based on Debian 7.
================================================================
http://crunchbang.org/
Downloads: (http://crunchbang.org/download)
32-bit Waldorf for Modern PCs
32-bit Waldorf for Older PCs (non PAE)
64-bit Waldorf

Puppy Precise
================================================================
Home Page:
http://puppylinux.org/wikka/PuppyPrecise
Precise Puppy retro - Precise Puppy retro is almost the same, except built with a non-PAE kernel.
Precise Puppy retro readme:
Retro-Precise Puppy

Please use the "normal" Precise Puppy, unless you have a specific need for Retro-Precise.
The "normal" Precise Puppy requires an i686 (or greater) CPU that is PAE-capable.

Some early Pentium CPUs, such as some of the Intel Pentium-M series, are not PAE-capable.

Some other differences
o Retro does not have the 'nouveau' open source nVidia driver. The simpler X.org 'nv' driver is present.
o Retro is able to boot from true SCSI hard or optical drives, as it has SCSI drivers in the initrd. The "normal" Precise does not have any true-SCSI drivers.

Release Announcement:
http://distro.ibiblio.org/quirky/precise-5.7.1/release-Precise-5.7.1.htm
Precise Puppy 5.7
Another pup in the Precise series! This pup comes in two flavours, one for older hardware and/or those on dialup Internet, the other for those with relatively modern hardware.

The "retro flavour" is an upgrade path for those who have used our Wary Puppy, that targeted older PCs and analog modem dialup -- unlike most other Linux distributions, it continues to support a wide range of analog "winmodems". It also has two web browsers, SeaMonkey and Opera, the latter preferred for PCs with less than 256MB RAM.

The "modern flavour" only has one browser, SeaMonkey, and forgoes most of the analog modem and true-SCSI drivers, and is the choice that will suit most people (see below*). You also get the benefit of a much smaller download.

As usual, there have been lots of changes since Precise version 5.6.1 was released, bug-fixes, as well as improvements at the "Woof level" and "Precise level" -- read release notes for the former above, and the latter below:

o The "retro flavour" has analog modem drivers for agrsm, dgcmodem, ess, conexant hcf/hsf, Intel 536/537, lucent, pctel, smartlink, and more. Also drivers for true-SCSI hard-drives and cd-drives. The .sfs (squashfs) file inside the live-CD is gzipped (rather than xz'ed), which improves speed but does make the .iso file bigger 1

o Many libraries, utilities, and applications upgraded 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

o PeasyGlue is a new application for joining images together 1

o Pidgin debuts as our multi-protocol chat client 1

o Retro flavour: Kernel 3.2.48 with many 3rd party drivers and f2fs patch 1  
o Modern flavour: Kernel 3.9.11, PAE, i686

o Miscellaneous fixes and tweaks 1 2 3

*Retro versus Modern
If you still connect to the Internet by analog modem dialup, you will need to use the Retro flavour if you have one of those winmodems (modems designed for MS Windows). However, there is support from some winmodems in the Modern flavour. Also, true-hardware modems will work in either flavour. If you have an ancient true-SCSI hard drive or CD drive, you will need the Retro flavour.

The Retro 3.2.48 kernel is configured for a minimum i486 CPU, no PAE support (so will not recognise more than 4GB RAM), supports the old ISA and EISA cards, and true-SCSI drives. The Modern-flavour 3.9.11 kernel requires a i686 CPU minimum (which is the vast majority), will recognise more than 4GB RAM, will not work with ISA/EISA.

Apart from the above considerations, a slow and/or RAM-limited PC will perform better with the Retro. Very roughly, if your PC has a i686 (or better) class of PC with at least 512MB RAM, choose the Modern flavour.

Theme

I put together a very interesting theme for this pup. The desktop icons are Haikupup, the wallpaper is precise-speckledblue-futwerk.jpg (created by futwerk), the JWM window manager theme is Bluesky (based on the original Bluesky by Tman), GTK theme is Glass_Sky (based on the original by Trio), and ROX-Filer is modified from the default by DejaVu Sans-11 text on the desktop, with white foreground.

Precise Puppy 5.7.1
This is a bug-fix for release for Precise 5.7. If you have 5.7 and any of these affect you, then please upgrade:
o The desktop drive icon for an external USB optical media did not appear.
o Non-US keyboard layout was not working properly (at bootup was US layout).
o Pidgin: could not login to Facebook and Gmail.
o Gnome-Mplayer: playing DVD videos needed fiddling with Preferences.
o A syntax error in /root/.Xdefaults.

Linux Careers:
Get an IT Admin job where Linux is part of the infrastructure - Examples HP, Micron
Linux Admin positions, now
o Demand certification with a focus on Redhat Enterprise Linux,
o Web server setup and administration
o IBM Websphere - Runs on Redhat Enterprise Linux
o Certifications
  RHCSA - Redhat Certified System Administration - Entry level Certification
  RHCE  - Redhat Certified Engineer - In most demand (Job requirements)
  Redhat Certification Paths
  o RHCE  - Requires passage of RHCSA
    Expect to spend around $10,000 for training and exams (3)
    EX200, EX300, Courses 124, 135, 255 or fast track 200, 300.
    Fast track are good for experienced linux admins.
      200 covers both 124,135 content
      300 covers primarily 135, and 255 content but some 124.
  Advanced Certifications
    Certified Virtualization Administration - RHELv Enterprise Platform
    Certified Data Center Specialist
    Certified Architech (Top Certification)
    
  o Linux Professional Institute - Still a work in progress, new curriculum, exams October, 2013.
    LPIC-1, LPIC-2, LPIC-3 Progressive Cert
    http://www.lpi.org/linux-certifications/programs/lpic-1