August 19th Boise Linux Group Meeting Report

Clint started off the meeting with a presentation on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS (Long Term Support) as announced. The current release version of Ubuntu is 14.04.1 and now supports upgrading existing 12.04 LTS to 14.04. Clint always looks to the .1 release of LTS as an indicator that all the installation bugs and issues with the initial release have been resolved and is now a "stable" release. With LTS, one does not have to be concerned about upgrading for another 5 years if desired, however, a new LTS version is released every two years, allowing for a full upgrade of the LTS desktop or server. Clint has a laptop that was originally built with 10.04 and then upgraded to 12.04.1 when it became available and he is looking forward to upgrading it to 14.04 now; these upgrades are in-place meaning no reinstalling or rebuilding of the installation but still one should have a backup as things can go bad or if there are "disconnects" during the upgrade (it is done online or over the network) or suffers other fatalities like loosing power during the upgrade, all things that result in a "broken" system. Updating 09/05/2014. 14.04.1 inplace upgrade seems to have some issues as noted on the Ubuntu discussion list. Recommend holding off on doing an inplace upgrade to 14.04.1. It is always a question on upgrading as to if to do an in-place upgrade or backup everything you care about and do a fresh install. An inplace upgrade is where you run the upgrade from your existing desktop or server and then the upgrade package does all the updating including downloading new repositories and files as applying/installing the new packages including the Linux Kernel. There can even be issues if you keep your "home directory" while upgrading or installing the latest version of Ubuntu because of the settings and hidden folders; all this takes a lot of time and usually a couple (or more) reboots. In my case, having already upgraded from 10.04 to 12.04 in-place and noting that while no major problems, minor differences have been noted, and I do have quite a few additional packages installed including VirtualBox. At this point, when it comes time to update to 14.04 or maybe 16.04, I will do a fresh install. Also, even considering backup time, a fresh install takes less time than an over-the-wire in-place upgrade, given installation is from a local DVD. It takes magazines a couple months before they "publish" information on new distributions, and in July, two magazines jumped on the Ubuntu 14.04 bandwagon. Linux Pro provided what they called their "Monster 5 Pack" cover DVD featuring live copies of Unbutu, UbuntuGnome, Kubuntu, Lubuntu, and Xubuntu desktops. LinuxFormat did similarly with a bootable DVD and a review of what's new in 14.04. Post Meeting, The August issues (now on the bookself) of LinuxUser & Developer featured LinuxMint 17, built on Ubuntu 14.04 as the "Ultimate Windows Alternative" on a live DVD and LinuxFormat followed up witha Linux Starter Toolkit featuring both Ubuntu 14.04 and LinuxMint 17 for moving from WindowsXP to Linux. Clint has used LinuxMint in the past but then their updates started breaking and the only way to upgrade LinuxMint was to reinstall. Supposedly, LinuxMint 17 may get around that in being built on Ubuntu 14.04 with its 5 year lifecycle of support however, LinuxMint uses a lot of their own repositories and PPA's so it will be interesting to seek how long LinuxMint 17 lasts before updates start breaking. He demonstrated 14.04.1 freshly installed on a 7 year old dual core laptop. He started off his presentation with a "what's new" list: * Package updates including Puppet, Xen, Ceph, Qemu, Open vSwitch, Libvert, LXC, MAAS, Juju, strongSwan, MySQL, Apache, and PHP as well as new network command lines, chrony network time sync, and the timedatectl package. Linux kernel 3.13 with bug fixes, security improvements, additional hardware support, improvements to performance with virtualization, improved heat and power management, performance improvements for file system interactions, a new I/O scheduler, networking capabilities and support updates, and more. As of tonight, the current version of the kernel is 3.13.0-34. * Python 3.4: Eventually, Python 2 will be deprecated. * Upstart, responsible system startup has added several new commands and features. Probably in the next release, Ubuntu will be moving to systemd and systemctl and there are some new packages are part of the systemd. On the usability side, he then played a "What's new video" from the omgubuntu website. 10 Things To Do After Installing Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Noteable among these features is the ability to move the application menus back to the application window instead of being on the top global menu bar (System Settings | Appearance | Behavior) where you can also enable the 4 workspaces in the launcher and turn on the Launcher auto-hide feature. And in the System Settings | Appearance | Look settins, you can now being able to resize the icons in the Launcher as well as a multitude of available backgrounds. Also noteable, is that the theme automatically adjusts to the background "color". And there is the new Ubuntu Qml Browser where you can access Gmail and LiveMail in there own windows. To get full use of Ubuntu 14.04, there are few things you need to do after installing. You can do a Google Search on "ubuntu 14.04 post install" Clint used the Things to do after installing Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr website as his guide but found in incomplete as to the instructions found there and offered some additional how-to instructions in follwing the directions there: Enable Partner Repositories Open System Settings from launcher | Software & Updates tool Other Software tab, enable Canoical Partners (both boxes) Authenticate as needed. echo "Downloading GetDeb and PlayDeb" && wget http://archive.getdeb.net/install_deb/getdeb-repository_0.1-1~getdeb1_all.deb http://archive.getdeb.net/install_deb/playdeb_0.3-1~getdeb1_all.deb sudo dpkg -i getdeb-repository_0.1-1~getdeb1_all.deb sudo dpkg -i playdeb_0.3-1~getdeb1_all.deb Add PPAs: sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:videolan/stable-daily sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:otto-kesselgulasch/gimp sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:gnome3-team/gnome3 sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:webupd8team/java sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:webupd8team/y-ppa-manager apt-get update apt-get upgrade apt-get dist-upgrade This last step is important in getting the latest kernel updates as well as some other packages not installed by "upgrade" Once you have done all this, you run the following command as sudo -i (root): apt-get install synaptic vlc gimp gimp-data gimp-plugin-registry gimp-data-extras y-ppa-manager bleachbit openjdk-7-jre oracle-java8-installer flashplugin-installer unace unrar zip unzip p7zip-full p7zip-rar sharutils rar uudeview mpack arj cabextract file-roller libxine1-ffmpeg mencoder flac faac faad sox ffmpeg2theora libmpeg2-4 uudeview libmpeg3-1 mpeg3-utils mpegdemux liba52-dev mpeg2dec vorbis-tools id3v2 mpg321 mpg123 libflac++6 totem-mozilla icedax lame libmad0 libjpeg-progs libdvdcss2 libdvdread4 libdvdnav4 libswscale-extra-2 ubuntu-restricted-extras ubuntu-wallpapers* The list above is quite comprehensive as it installs the DVD player and media support, gimp photo editor and lots of other "essential" programs for a complete desktop experience going beyond features not even found in that other operating system. Ubuntu 14.04 includes a number of new commands (paving the way to systemd): timedatectl timedatectl set-time 2012-10-30 18:17:16 timedatectl list-timezones timedatectl set-timezone America/Boise timedatectl set-ntp true